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Oil Heritage

Package tour includes

  • Duration of the excursion: 7-8 hours

Azerbaijan has been linked with oil for centuries. Medieval travelers to the region remarked on its abundant supply of oil, noting that this resource was an integral part of daily life there.

By the 19th century, Azerbaijan was by far the frontrunner in the world's oil and gas industry.  In 1846 - more than a decade before the Americans made their famous discovery of oil in Pennsylvania - Azerbaijan drilled its first oil well in Bibi-Heybat. By the beginning of the 20th century, Azerbaijan was producing more than half of the world's supply of oil.



The oil production boosted the number of millionaires - Zeynalabdin Taghiyev, Musa Naghiyev, Ashurbeyov, Mukhtarov - were among these people and were called oil barons.  These millionaires often spent their money on building new residencies, palaces, theatres and halls.  As illustrations of the oil boom architecture Taghiyev’s residence, Ashurbeyov’s residence, Mukhtarov’s wedding palace, the Opera and Ballet Theatre built by Mailov would be suitable examples. The oil book architecture had its own original features, similar to the architecture of the Italian Renaissance and Baroque styles.  For example, Philarmonic Hall built in 1912 and City Hall building, constructed in 1904, where elements of European architecture were widely used



PASHA Travel would like to invite you on a tour to experience the atmosphere of the Oil Boom!



Walk along the famous Istiglaliyyat Street and get acquainted with the stories of the most prominent architectural monuments such Ismailliyya (now Presidium of Academy of Sciences), Empress Alexandra Russian Muslim Boarding School for Girls (now Institute of Manuscripts), Mukhtarov’s Palace (now Palace of Happiness), Executive Power of Baku, The Philharmonic Hall with Governor’s gardens, stop by the house of famous khanende (mugham singer) Mirbabayev (now headquarters of State Oil Company of Azerbaijan).



After lunch at the authentic Azeri restaurant, we invite you to a visit The Azerbaijan History Museum. Located in the unique palace built by a prominent oil baron and philanthropist, Zeynalabdin Taghiyev in 1895-1901, museum has 6 sections, laboratory, scientific archive and library. The exposition of the museum is gathered in 35 halls.  You will be given a lifetime opportunity to experience the lifestyle of the oil millionaires.



Finish your tour with the ride towards Bibi Heybat and see the first oil derrick in the world. 



We hope you would take home unforgettable memories from “Oil Heritage” tour proudly organized to you by PASHA Travel.

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Baku, the capital of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the largest commercial, cultural and scientific center in the Caucasus region, and the largest port on the Caspian Sea.


Baku is located in the South of Absheron peninsula, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, on the 40 ° parallel. Baku is one of the biggest cities in the East with its antiquity, territory and population, which now covers 150 sq.km and goes out along the sea bay with approximately 20 km. The capital's population is about 3 million.


People inhabited since very ancient times in the city of Baku and Absheron peninsula and created here settlements. This was connected to the physical-geographical position of Baku, located in the center of junction of migration and trade routes from the North to the South, from the West to the East (‘Silk Road’), its climate and energy resources and fuel called naphtha.


The capital city Baku is famous for its Boulevard, Fountain Square, the State Flag Square, the newly constructed "Flame Towers", "Crystal Hall" where the "Eurovision" song contest was held, modern  cultural center - "Heydar Aliyev" which is one of the world's 5 best architectures, architectural buildings as mosques, sandy shores and beaches.